THE POSTCOLONIAL LEXICON Buch455 Aufrufe Speichern Drucken Weiterleiten PDF an Freunde weiterleiten: Ihre IP-Adresse wird aus Sicherheitsgründen gespeichert um kriminelle Aktivitäten und unerlaubten Spam zu unterbinden. Leiten Sie nur E-Mails weiter, wo der Empfänger mit dem Versand auch einverstanden ist. Ihre E-Mail Adresse Ihr Name Empfänger E-Mail Adresse Empfänger Name Ihre zusätzliche Nachricht Eigene PDF HochladenPDF & Publisher Info (QR-Code downloaden)Wendeburg, 01.06.2022https://pdf-ins-internet.de/?p=114779 Teilen: 9-* 5489(4143.&1 1*=.(43 Eingestellt über www.PDF-ins-Internet.de - Haftung für Inhalt und Inhaber aller Rechte ist der Puplisher Kontaktdaten und Anbieterkennung des Puplishers/Autors entnehmen Sie bitte dem PDF-Archives auf www.PDF-ins-Internet.de. In creating this lexicon we drew on a variety of publications by Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPoC) activists and scholars. We have included academic and non-academic texts that we think are particularly good entry points into the topics of postcolonial studies at the end. In this lexicon, when talking about groups of people, we are writing Black and white with a capital B and in italics, respectively, to highlight that those are socially created categories. As two white, privileged, European students, we need to emphasize that we do not want to define postcolonial studies or particular terms. Rather, our goal has been to make the academic knowledge we have acquired over the past semester accessible and thus utilize the resources available to us. Along with this, we want to use this dictionary to give space to you and therefore designed this digital dictionary as an exchange platform. You can use the QR code to submit terms and explanations to be included in the dictionary, make suggestions for additional resources, and provide feedback. You can also use the QR code to download the dictionary and display or distribute it in places where you want to raise awareness about postcolonial structures. 4:7.)*& This lexicon was created as the final project of the course 'Postcolonial Studies' at Ghent University in which we talked about the ways in which colonialism is still rooted 7FHNFQN_FYNTSRacism is a structural system that disadvantages BIPoC because of their race. Thereby racism is the product of power relations and is based on the assumptions that emerge through racialization. The power structures are a crucial element of racism as they uphold and perpetuate racist assumptions. These images can shape the individual behavior of actors and are expressed, among other things, through assumptions about the abilities, motives, and intentions of other people who are not understood as the other. This may lead to discriminatory actions and behaviors, as well as stereotyping toward the "others". Racialization can be understood as a process of "othering" based on racist ideas. Othering describes a process by which one group of people (the "us", mostly white and Western) distinguishes itself from another group of people (the "other"). The "us" has power - which is a crucial element - and becomes the norm. The "other" is constructed to deviate from this norm. Through this process of "othering," groups of people are created and their (assumed) differences are established or overemphasized. This process is based on an idea of race and leads to the attribution of characteristics and traits and results in stereotypes and prejudice. 9*728 7FHJRac 9*728 For centuries, Europe has controlled the world politically, economically, and militarily. This position of power has allowed Europe to shape a view and a narrative of history in which Europe is seen as the prime engine and architect of world history, the bearer of universal values and reason, and the pinnacle and thus a model of progress and development. Eurocentrism sets the norms of what is considered desirable and invokes its own superiority in the achievements of its economic and political systems, technologies, and the high quality of life of its societies. Whiteness is not primarily about skin color, but about a complex system in which whiteness is constructed as a norm. In this system, whiteness is what is desirable and from which social racial hierarchies are constructed. As Ahmed puts it, "If to be human is to be white, not to be white is to inhabit the negative: it is to not be. Ar More than 4 million non-European and BIPoC soldiers and auxiliaries participated in the First World War. However, they are rarely mentioned in history books. This phenomenon is called "whitewashing." It creates a white world in which BIPoC groups lose their voice and cease to matter in world history because they barely appear in the historical accounts. 9*728 Fanon argues that the experience of skin difference and the Black Other becomes manifest only in the encounter with whiteness. Only through the weight of the "white gaze," Fanon argues, did he experience his otherness and become aware of racist attitudes that had not existed for him until then. A similar argument is taken up by Toni Morrison, who points to the white gaze in literature. She uses it to describe a phenomenon in which the standard r 9*728 Who decides what knowledge is?What does it mean to decolonize museums or universities? In a system where whiteness is the norm, BIPoC bodies are either invisible or hyper-visible, depending on the context. The latter is the case when the representation of BIPoC people in institutions is used as "proof" that whiteness is no longer dominant. In reality, however, BIPoC people are still largely treated as guests within the institutions. The use of Black bodies as a sign of diversity thus underscores the whiteness of the system. In capitalist structures, businesses and advertising, as well as governments, use diversi 9*728 9*728 .SYJWXJHYNTSFQNY^)JHTQTSNFQ+JRNSNXRHave you ever heard that Black and migrant women everywhere tend to be economically less privileged unproportionally? Intersectionality is a concept coined by US American legal scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw who in 1989 published an essay on the intersections of race and gender and how this leads to a specific kind of discrimination. Today, intersectionality is used as a concept describing the intersecting dimensions and experiences of oppression. These include not only racism and sexism but also oppression and discrimination based on class, age, (dis)ability, education, religion, etc. Françoise Vergès' 'decolonial feminism' offers a feminist perspective for the analysis of oppression which does not divide dimensions such as race, sexuality, and class into exclusive categories but brings them together. While white feminism often focuses on the full integration of women into privilege and institutions 9*728 2NHWTFLLWJXXNTSX9-.3,2.88.3,$ Eingestellt über www.PDF-ins-Internet.de - Haftung für Inhalt und Inhaber aller Rechte ist der PuplisherKontaktdaten und Anbieterkennung des Puplishers/Autors entnehmen Sie bitte dem PDF-Archives auf www.PDF-ins-Internet.de.